Waterborne diseases in India account for a large proportion of diseases. It is one of the major causes of death in children aged under five. Every human needs water as our body is 60% water. The improper drainage system, waterlogging, and unsafe drinking water are the main breeding ground for diseases. While some of these diseases can be treated with medication at home, others might need hospitalization that will be covered under your health insurance policy. As per reports, Diarrhoea caused 6,514 deaths over five years up to 2017, being the most number of deaths due to waterborne diseases in India. Other killers were viral hepatitis (2,143), typhoid (2,061), and cholera (20).
The World Bank estimates that 21% of communicable diseases in India are water-related. Before its outbreak, the causes of these diseases should be addressed. Poor sanitation and unhygienic vicinity spread diseases.
The most common water borne diseases are
Malaria: It can be mild or severe. With the following symptoms
Shaking and chills,-can be mild or severe
Nausea and vomiting
Muscle pain and weakness are the main symptoms. Ignorance may lead to fatality
- Typhoid: Unhygienic food, water or close contact with an infected person cause typhoid. High fever, Headache, Stomach pain, and diarrhea are the signs of typhoid. A blood test helps to detect typhoid. You can prevent typhoid by following a few dos and don'ts. Like avoiding raw food, drinking safe water, washing hands properly, etc.
- Cholera: Frequent stool, Nausea and vomiting, muscle cramps, and abdominal pain are the main symptoms. To keep the body hydrated water intake is the most important part.
- Giardiasis: This intestinal infection is one of the most common waterborne diseases during monsoon. Watery, sometimes foul-smelling diarrhea that may alternate with soft, greasy stools, fatigue, bloating, and stomach cramps are the main symptoms. Usually, Giardia germs are found on surfaces like soil, food, and water.
- Amoebic Dysentery: This is an intestinal or bowel infection. This infection spreads from poor sanitary conditions.
- Hepatitis A: This inflammation of the liver is caused by consuming contaminated food or water. It causes mild to severe illness which depends on the immunity system.
During monsoon, fungal infection is also very common. Skin care is also should be taken care of before it becomes a disease.
How you can prevent yourself from getting these diseases?
- Peel and wash all fresh fruits and vegetables
- Avoid eating raw or undercooked meat and fish.
- Drink plenty of water
- Avoid canned beverages
- Keep the surroundings clean
Nobody is safe from these diseases unless you take precautions and maintain hygiene. We are here to help you out with the right diagnosis and further health check-ups.